Groppel, J. Overhead Smash. The power and energy is then transferred to the next link which is the gluteus maximus and medius otherwise known as your butt muscles. Playing tennis involves more muscles than simply your arm and wrists. Initially your calves (gastrocnemius and soleus muscles) are the first group engaged when playing. (1993). Abs needed to twist. The External Oblique … muscles used.. biceps needed for a forehand. Firstly your feet movements used to jump and run are the first link, followed by the the rest of the chain with your legs, hips,trunk, arms and lastly your hand. An incorrect grip will always hold you back in some way when you’re hitting your strokes as it will force you to improvise in some way instead of allowing your body to swing in a bio-mechanically optimal way. *Not Affiliated, Sponsored or Endorsed by any University. The series of movements performed in tennis is called the kinetic chain. hamstrings needed to run and bend for gets . Condition your muscles to contract with amazing speed and quickness, and calves needed to step and, jump and serve. It is best to engage in functional exercises that will strengthen while also keep them loose and flexible. Suscribirse a: Enviar comentarios (Atom) Mi lista de blogs. Serving starts with the feet as the upper body begins to prepare for the impact of the ball on the racket. A game of Tennis requires high amounts of blood flow in the body. Then the last muscles of the chain are the flexor and extensor of the forearm. These include two of the rotator cuff muscles namely the teres minor and the infraspinatus. "In this study the authors investigated the wrist kinematics (flexion/extension), grip pressures and wrist muscle electromyographic (EMG) activity in novice and expert tennis players performing the [1 handed] backhand stroke. Electromyographic and cinematographic analysis of elbow function in tennis players using a single and double-handed backhand strokes. Also a few exercises that tennis players should do. In a tennis serve, all the muscles of the body would be involved, since you are throwing a ball up, taking a step back and then swinging your arm forward to hit a ball using the whole of your body for follow-through. Abductor digiti minimi. Biomechanical Analysis of Shots and Ball Motion in Tennis and the Analogy with Handball Throws 55 Naturally, all of this occurs in one fluid motion with precise timing so that maximum energy (and momentum) transfer occurs from loading to releasing. This is "tennis_backhand_back_muscles" by BoB Biomechanics on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them. During the backswing of the forehand groundstroke (Figure 1.5a), the gastrocnemius, soleus, quadriceps, gluteals and hip rotators contract eccentrically to load the lower legs and begin the hip rotation. A two-handed backhand also lets you play high-bouncing balls with topspin and power. Wiki User Answered . Telemetry EMG was used to assess the muscle activity of the anterior deltoid and the forearm extensor muscles during the forehand and backhand strokes of tennis in a selected group of test subjects. This movement sequence will mimic the movement and muscles used in a wide forehand. Tennis elbow can be caused by improper backhand technique or body positioning, combined with late strokes or “wristy” impacts. 1 Answers. wrists needed to move racquet. If you consider the complexity of stretching and movement of the muscles when playing tennis then you will appreciate the importance of warming up thoroughly and to gently prepare the muscles by stretching them properly. Different Muscles are Used. To broaden our understanding of muscle function during the tennis volley under different ball placement and speed conditions by examining the activity of selected superficial muscles of the stroking arm and shoulder (flexor carpi radialis, extensor carpi radialis, triceps brachii, deltoids, and pectoralis major) and muscles related to postural support (left and right external oblique, lumbar erector spinae, and … bones used. Publicado por Mª Ángeles. The lats or latissimus dorsi muscles are the largest muscles in the back and together with the abs they support the torso as a whole. The purpose was to develop rotational hip and core strength in movement patterns and planes that are most used during tennis strokes . The power behind every shot in tennis is generated through a series of body segments or links referred to as the kinetic chain. The oblique muscles are down the side of your body, and the erector spinae are the muscles that run along the spine. What specific muscles are used in a one handed backhand tennis shot? Having a correct grip for your forehand and backhand strokes in tennis is the key to hitting your shots with consistency and power. All Rights Reserved. Muscles Used In Tennis Backhand excruciating pains shooting up your arm. Muscles used in Field Hockey Learn about the Muscles used in Field Hockey. A proper grip is vital in any movement when playing tennis. The muscles used in the kinetic chain are mostly used as impact, due to the nature of the sport. Fig. The rotator cuff, the muscles and tendons between the shoulder blade and arm bone, is important for hitting serves and forehands and for decelerating during follow-through. abs needed to twist. The Muscles That Initiate and Assist in Backhand Motion Improper technique can lead to strain in the back as well, usually resulting from an overly arched back, which can result in small tears or strains of the tissues supporting the spine (Walkerbout Health, 2007). The backhand stroke uses less of the hip and core muscles, but relies heavily on the the trapezius, latissimus dorsi and triceps. Champaign, IL: Leisure Press The EMG activity of the subjects' anterior deltoid muscle and the forearm extensor muscle group was recorded with the subjects using racket grip sizes of 4 1/4, 4 1/2, 4 3/4 inches. Then the last muscles of the chain are the flexor and extensor of the forearm. Copyright © 2020 Sydney Sports Management Group. Overhead shots include the smash. Flexor Pollicis brevis blurted this. Well… It involves a series of complex movements that start with your feet and ends up swinging a tennis racket. The lob is used to put the ball over an opponents head. All Rights Reserved. Hamstrings to run and bend. This is true at whatever level of tennis you are playing because the same muscle groups are used. Tennis is a fast-paced sport that tests just about every muscle group in your body. The abs which are famous for your “six pack” consist of the rectus abdominis which runs from the ribs to the front of the pubic bone and the transverse abdominus which wraps around the midsection. adult tennis coaching at Tennis World Chatswood. Tennis elbow is an agonizing pain in the elbow that has distinct causes, symptoms, treatment plans, and preventative actions. The motion that is most important in the backhand motion is the grip. Thank Writer; Comment; Blurt; thanked the writer. 1 2 3. The athlete starts about 5 to 8 feet from a solid wall and loads the hips and core while also putting the oblique muscles on stretch. Backhand Swing Nondominant Side: Pectorals, anterior deltoid, shoulder internal rotators. Anonymous answered . Backhand Swing Dominant Side: Rhomboids and middle trapezius, posterior deltoid, middle deltoid, shoulder external rotators, triceps, serratus anterior. The power is then transferred in sequence to the major muscles in the remaining links -- your lower legs, upper legs, hips, trunk, shoulders, upper arms forearms and finally to the last link, your hand. It requires a honed and well trained muscular system to perform with the required power and speed needed. Muscles Used In The Serve And Overhead: Leg muscles should be used in the same way they are used in the tennis courts. To find out more or to book your court, contact our friendly team today! quads needed to run and dig out balls. - information and education for coaches - Producing an 'Explosive' Forehand & Backhand. The main muscles used in your upper back are the rhomboid and trapezius which leads to the next link of your upper arm including biceps and triceps. While practicing and playing tennis will strengthen your upper body, conditioning these muscle groups off of the court will help your game. This single moment of forgetfulness, followed by the seemingly long minutes of cowering over your arm, indicates that you have tennis elbow. bibliojuande. Next in the link are your calves or upper legs, these muscles are the hamstring and your quads at the front of your thighs. Thigh and leg muscles are illustrated below. . The muscles that allow for this internal rotation of the shoulder from the racket drop position to the contact point are the Subscapularis, Latissimus Dorsi, Teres Major and>Pectoralis Major muscles. The muscles used during the tennis serve and in particular at this stage are very minimal in the left parts of the erector spinae, staying this way for the majority of the serve. The gastrocnemius is the largest muscle in the back of your calves or lower legs, and the soleus is a smaller muscle that lies under the former. In tennis players, the backhand stroke causes injury by overloading the wrist extensor muscles attaching into the lateral epicondyle. Calves needed to step and, jump and serve. The kinetic links of the upper body include the major muscles of the chest, shoulders, upper back and arms. MEDICINE BALL WALL OPEN STANCE. Except in the phrase backhand volley, the term refers to a groundstroke (that is, one in which the ball has bounced before it is struck). Entrada más reciente Entrada antigua Inicio. The upper back, chest, shoulders, biceps and triceps all come into play during a tennis swing or tennis serve. The stroke’s aim is to hit the ball over the net and inside the lines of the opponent’s side of the court. (1993). Hay, J. Giangarra, C.E., Conroy, B. Jobe, F.W., et al. 21(3),394-399. . Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, "Muscles Involved In The Backhand Action Of The Tennis Shot" (2013, January 31) Retrieved January 8, 2021, from, "Muscles Involved In The Backhand Action Of The Tennis Shot" 31 January 2013. Completely different than something like swimming and running. Chatswood Tennis Club120a Fullers Road, Chatswood NSW 2067(02) 9411 1500. Electronic Inspiration LLC. Web.8 January. The overhead smash is used when an opponent attempts a lob and either executes it poorly or allows the player to read and adjust to it. fingers needed to grip and hold racquet. What Muscles Are Used In A Tennis Serve? We hope that the data we obtained for the effect of plyometric exercises on the tennis players’ arm and leg strengths, forehand and backhand stroke velocities and rate of hitting the target shall light the way for the studies to be realized in the future. Abductor Pollicis brevis This is because it sends oxygenated blood through veins and arteries, to the muscles that need recovery. The backhand stroke is one of the principal strokes of tennis. With the use of such leg and thigh muscles, the tennis athlete would be able to effectively and efficiently execute his powerful backhand shot. Although the movement begins in your legs and travels up through the core, your upper body is responsible for the final execution and follow through on the shot. triceps need for the backhand. References Quads to run and dig out balls. 2) Pronation of Racket-Arm’s Elbow The serve is very similar to the forehand stroke but relies more on the shoulders. Instead of relying on the weaker muscles (triceps and shoulder) of the right side of your body to hit the backhand, you get to use the bigger muscles (pecs, delts, biceps) on the left side of your body. Learn how to put topspin on to make the shot more efficient. The abdominals, obliques, latissimus dorsi and erector spinae muscles are the next major muscle group in the kinetic chain. That said, the major muscles involved would be in the arms and trunk, especially the biceps, deltoids and triceps muscles. The biomechanics of sports techniques. Asked by Wiki User. An analysis of the muscles and joints used in a tennis forehand. 120a Fullers Road, Chatswood 2067(02) 9411 1500. Bahamonde, R. (1992). It is used frequently during all stages of a tennis match or a practice, and is therefore an extremely important skill for any tennis player to master. High tech tennis. The use of the right side of the erector spinae increases steadily from the stat of the tennis serve all the way until the end (Chow et al., 2009). Tennis Lobs & Overhead Shots. The main muscles used in your upper back are the rhomboid and trapezius which leads to the next link of your upper arm including biceps and triceps. The backhand is a tennis shot in which one swings the racquet around one's body with the back of the hand preceding the palm.