What to Do During an Earthquake Drop down to your knees. If you are indoors, stay indoors unless you are in the ground floor (first floor to Americans) where you can easily … Shout only as a last resort. Failure of unreinforced brick masonry caused collapse of the upper floor in downtown Los Gatos. Remember “drop, cover, hold on.” Cover your head and if you’re nearby a sturdy object or like a piece of furniture, hold on until the shaking stops. When the ground starts to shake, what do you do?  Great ShakeOut 2019:  Drop, Cover, and Hold On! Why should people in the eastern United States be concerned about earthquakes? If you are in a MOUNTAINOUS AREA -- watch out for falling rock, landslides, trees, and other debris that could be loosened by quakes. ShakeOut GIF showing step five "minimize financial hardship" of the seven steps to earthquake safety. Step 2: Plan to be safe by creating a disaster plan and deciding how you will communicate in an emergency. Step 1: What to Do Before an Earthquake? Move a few steps to a nearby safe place if need be. IDENTIFY: Look around your house for things that could fall or move. Identify safe places in each room of your home. If you are in bed, turn face down and cover your head and neck with a pillow. From evacuation and shelter to first aid, earthquake drills have become regular practice for students. Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture. Unlike tornadoes or hurricanes, earthquakes don't come with warnings. Please do not phone emergency services for general advice. Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. PAGER - Rapid Assessment and Notification of an Earthquake's Impact; 2005; FS; 2005-3026; Earle, Paul S.; Wald, David J.; Lastowka, Lynda A. Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on. Detweiler, S.T., and Wein, A.M., eds., 2017, The HayWired earthquake scenario—Earthquake hazards (ver. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires. Are You Safe When A Natural Hazard Strikes? Get under a desk or table and hang on to it (Drop, Cover, and Hold on!) Why you shouldn't stand in a door jamb or go outside during an earthquake, Why you shouldn't stand in a door jamb or go outside during an earthquake, 1 weather alerts 1 closings/delays. During an Earthquake. Dave and Candy watched a news about earthquake. What if you knew that a magnitude 7.8 earthquake would happen in less than three weeks? During an earthquake. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it (. The ShakeAlert earthquake early warning system will begin limited operations this year. Protect your head and stay low to the ground until the shaking ends and it is safe to move. After an earthquake. Move a few steps to a nearby safe place if need be. Candy explains to Dave what an earthquake is. In an earthquake, if you are on an upper story of a building, do not try to leave the building during the earthquake. As you drop down to your hands and knees, look around for a safe place to find cover, such as a nearby table. How do I identify it? DROP down onto your hands and knees before the earthquake knocks you down. If there isn’t a table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building. There are four basic steps you can take to be more prepared for an earthquake: Step 1: Secure your space by identifying hazards and securing moveable items. Move away from buildings, streetlights, and utility wires. While in a building during an earthquake, the best thing to do is follow the drop, cover, and hold procedure. The study comprised eight counties: Imperial, Kern, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura. What can be done? Move away from buildings, streetlights, and utility wires. With millions at risk, why isn't full public alerting happening yet. Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, Congressional Briefing -- Citizen Science and Earthquakes: Reducing the Risk Through the Power of People. If you are DRIVING -- stop, but carefully. What is the "Triangle of Life" and is it legitimate? If you're indoors, stand against a wall near the center of the building, stand in a doorway, or crawl under heavy furniture (a desk or table). WEAR STURDY SHOES to avoid injury from broken glass and debris. or move into a hallway or against an inside wall. Stay in bed if you are there when the earthquake strikes. Bicycles crushed by falling unreinforced brick facade, Pacific Garden Mall. Hold on and protect your head with a pillow, unless you are under a heavy light fixture that could fall. What emergency supplies do I need for an earthquake? Usually, when the earthquake starts, you should drop down on the floor and find shelter below a desk or similar sturdy and resilient piece of furniture. Don’t shout, don’t hurry, … There are certain dos and don’ts that can help you during an earthquake. Avoid buildings, utility poles, and other objects which may fall during an earthquake and injure you. Should you be indoors, first and foremost, take cover under a strong table or any other piece of furniture. When the quake starts, drop to the floor as soon as you can (it’s easy to get thrown off your feet and injured if you try to run while the building is moving). While you may be thinking about what to do during an earthquake, you must first know that the earthquake itself doesn’t harm you. Alerts could save lives and properties but several challenges remain. If an earthquake occurs in your vicinity and you are inside the building, then follow the “Drop, down and hold” technique. Learn How Science Can Help Reduce the Risk of Loss of Life and Property When Natural Hazards Occur, "The Next Big Earthquake" — Still Helpful and Still Available; From USGS, PubTalk 1/2018 — ShakeAlert: Path to West Coast EQ Early Warning, Damage in central Oklahoma from a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in 2011, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake - Damage with Family in Foreground,  If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! STAY INSIDE your car until the shaking stops. We consulted FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) to find out what to do if you’re driving during an earthquake: 1. What should I do DURING an earthquake? Find out how you can save yourself and protect your family in case of an earthquake. Do not use the elevator. 1. CGTN brings you … 1) Severe earthquakes have occurred in the eastern U.S.: In November of 1755, an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 6.0 and a maximum intensity of VIII occurred about 50 miles northeast of Boston, Massachusetts. Research conducted by USGS geophysicist Elizabeth Cochran and her university-based colleagues suggests that this earthquake was induced by injection into deep disposal wells in the Wilzetta North field. Pull over to a shoulder as quickly as possible. Stay there until the shaking stops. You should definitely not panic. Do you know what to do during an earthquake? If an earthquake happens, protect yourself right away: If you are in a car, pull over and stop. What to do during an earthquake. Don’t Freak Out--ShakeOut! You should assume … Wherever you are when an earthquake starts, take cover immediately. So, how does the early warning system work? Wherever you are when an earthquake starts, take cover immediately. Take cover under the furniture and hold it until the shaking of ground stops. These secondary shock waves are usually less violent than the main quake but can be strong enough to do additional damage to weakened structures and can occur in the first hours, days, weeks, or even months after the quake. Proceed cautiously once the earthquake has stopped. There are number of things you can do to stay safe during an earthquake. Research has shown that most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move to a different location inside the building or try to leave. Do not exit a building during the shaking. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it (Drop, Cover, and Hold on!) But that’s the wrong thing to do. Reston, VA – More Americans are at risk from being severely impacted by natural hazards now than any other time in our nation’s history. You must learn what to do urgently if you are inside the building, driving, outside, or traveling by public transport during an earthquake. Expect aftershocks. Stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle. This position protects you from falling but allows you to still move if necessary. Stay inside until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. DO NOT stop on or under a bridge or overpass or under trees, light posts, power lines, or signs. Set your parking brake. But what should you do during an earthquake to ensure your safety? DO NOT run outside or to other rooms during … Where Do You Hide During Earthquake? This way the earthquake cannot knock you … If you live downstream from a dam, you should know flood-zone information and have prepared an evacuation plan. For earthquake emergency assistance from the SES call 132 500. The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program - investing in a safer future; 2003; FS; 017-03; Filson, John R.; McCarthy, Jill; Ellsworth, William L.; Zoback, Mary Lou; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Progress toward a safer future since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake; 1999; FS; 151-99; Page, Robert A.; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial Data, Great Shakeout Earthquake Drills and Information. The contents of your home may be damaged and can be dangerous: Shaking can make light fixtures fall, refrigerators and other large items move across the floor, and bookcases and television sets topple over. It is best if there is something sturdy you can hold on to. If you are indoors: "DROP, COVER, HOLD ON" Stay inside. These hazards include sudden-onset hazards, such as earthquakes, and slowly emerging, chronic hazards, such as those associated with climate change. If you’re indoors during an earthquake, stay indoors. If you are at home or at work in the earthquake. Here's what you should do the next time you find yourself in an earthquake. Man standing in front of collapsed homes in residential area in Dujiangyan. Before an Earthquake It is important for individuals, families, You should stand against a wall near the center of the building or crawl under heavy furnitures like a desk or table. The "Triangle of Life" is a misguided idea about the best location a person should try to occupy during an earthquake. If you live or work in the region, you need to know why you should be concerned with earthquakes, what you can expect during and after a quake, and what... PAGER (Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response) is an automated alarm system being developed to rapidly and accurately assess the severity of damage caused by an earthquake and to provide emergency relief organizations, government agencies, and the media with an estimate of the societal impact from the potential catastrophe. Ensure you do the following if you are indoors during an earthquake: Ensure you do the following if you are outdoors during an earthquake: Ensure you do the following if you are in a moving vehicle during an earthquake: Ensure you do the following if you are trapped under debris during or after an earthquake: Community Emergency Risk Assessment (CERA), If you are in a moving vehicle during an earthquake. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. or move into a hallway or against an inside wall. Many inside doorways are lightly constructed and do not offer protection. Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and extra batteries at home. She also tells him the things he needs to do during an earthquake. Earthquakes are scary, come without a warning, and hold the potential to cause serious destruction. If you are on a quieter road, pull over to the side of the road and stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle. With a press run of more than three million copies, "The Next Big Earthquake In The Bay Area May Come Sooner Than You Think-- Are You Prepared?" When you RESUME driving, watch for breaks in the pavement, fallen rocks, and bumps in the road at bridge approaches. This handbook provides information to residents of the Central United States about the threat of earthquakes in that area, particularly along the New Madrid seismic zone, and explains how to prepare for, survive, and recover from such events. From this came our belief that a doorway is the safest place to be during an earthquake. Putting down roots in earthquake country-Your handbook for earthquakes in the Central United States; 2011; GIP; 119; Contributors: Dart, Richard; McCarthy, Jill; McCallister, Natasha; Williams, Robert A. If you're indoors, stay inside. Practice Drop, Cover, and Hold On with each member of your household. The U.S. Geological Survey and its partners are designing innovative tools to better detect earthquakes and share critical information. The involvement of citizens is key, as decisions made before and immediately after an earthquake can save lives and protect property. STAY CLEAR of windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances. Much of the old conventional wisdom with what to do during an earthquake — like run outside or stand in a doorway — isn’t actually the safest thing to do. Wear sturdy shoes to protect your … COVER your head and neck (and your entire body if possible) underneath a sturdy table or desk. Credit: Brian Sherrod, USGS. Stay there until the shaking … Step 4: Minimize... Fire extinguisher Adequate supplies of medications that you or family members are taking Crescent and pipe wrenches to turn off gas and water supplies First-aid kit and handbook Flashlights with extra bulbs and batteries Portable radio with extra batteries Water for each family member for at least two weeks (allow at least 1 gallon per person per... DO NOT turn on the gas again if you turned it off; let the gas company do it DO NOT use matches, lighters, camp stoves or barbecues, electrical equipment, appliances UNTIL you are sure there are no gas leaks. Protect yourself during earthquake shaking: Drop, Cover, and Hold On The best way to shelter in place is to drop, cover, and hold on. They may create a spark that could ignite leaking gas and cause an explosion and fire DO NOT use your telephone, EXCEPT for a medical or... Detweiler, S.T., and Wein, A.M., eds., 2017, The HayWired earthquake scenario: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5013, https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175013. If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! The primary goal of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response is to ensure that the disaster response community has access to timely, accurate, and relevant geospatial products, imagery, and services during and after an emergency event. … The greatest danger exists directly outside buildings, at exits and alongside … Even a mild earthquake can cause panic, and result in loss of life and property, and lifelong trauma for its victims. Do not use a doorway except if you know it is a strongly supported, load-bearing doorway and it is close to you. Shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust. Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops. Earthquakes? Last week's earthquake was a reminder for all of us about earthquake safety. What rescuers and experts DO NOT recommend you do during an earthquake. What can I do to be prepared for an earthquake? ForewordThe 1906 Great San Francisco earthquake (magnitude 7.8) and the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake (magnitude 6.9) each motivated residents of the San Francisco Bay region to build countermeasures to earthquakes into the fabric of the region. What should I NOT do during an earthquake? What should you do during an earthquake? However, an earthquake could occur any time of the day or night so it pays to be prepared if you are unfortunately caught in the middle of one. To accomplish this goal, products and services provided by the National Geospatial Program (NGP)... Natural hazards threaten the safety and economic wellbeing of communities. is the most widely distributed publication ever prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey. Nine years after it’s publication, it is still available from the USGS, and still helpful as a preparedness guide for Bay Area residents. Ensure you do the following if you are outdoors during an earthquake: Stay there. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires. On the other hand, if you’re outdoors when an earthquake happens, stay outdoors. 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